Women in Hadíth (Sunnah)

* Abu Hurayrah, RAA, reported: God's Messenger (PBUH) observed: Avoid the seven most grievous sins. (The hearers) asked: What are they, God's Messenger? He (the Prophet) replied: Associating anything with God, magic, killing of one whom God has declared inviolate without a just cause, devouring the property of an orphan, dealing in usury, fleeing on the day of fighting, and calumniating the chaste, innocent, believing women. [SM: 129]
* Abu Hurayrah, RAA, reported: God's Messenger (PBUH) said: Glorification of God is for men and clapping of hands is meant for women (if something happens in the Prayer).  [SM: 641]
Aishah, may God be pleased with her, reported: The believing women used to pray the Morning Prayer with the Messenger of God and then return wrapped in their mantles. No one could recognize them. [SM: 1020]
* Ibn Abbas, may God be pleased with them, reported: I participated in the Fitr Prayer with the Messenger of God (PBUH) and Abu Bakr, `Umar and 'Uthman, and all of them observed this Prayer before the Khutbah, and then he (the Prophet) delivered the sermon. Then the Messenger of God (PBUH) descended (from the pulpit) and I (perceive) as if I am seeing him as he is commanding people with his hand to sit down. He then made his way through their (assembly) until he came to the women. Bilal was with him. He then recited (this verse): “O Prophet, when believing women come to you giving you a pledge that they will not associate aught with God” until he finished (his address to) them and then asked: Do you conform to it (what has been described in the verse)? Only one woman among them replied: Yes, Messenger of God, but none else replied. He (the narrator) said: it could not be ascertained who actually she was. He (the Prophet) exhorted them to give alms. Bilal stretched his cloth and then said: Come forward with alms. Let my father and mother be taken as ransom for you. They began to throw rings and ringlets in the cloth of Bilal. [SM: 1464]
* Jabir Ibn Abdullah, may God be pleased with them, reported:
The Messenger of God (PBUH) stood up on the day of 'Id al-Fitr and observed the Prayer. He commenced the Prayer before the sermon. He then delivered the sermon. When the Messenger of God (PBUH) had finished (the sermon) he came down from (the pulpit), and made his way to the women and exhorted them (to do good acts), and he was leaning on the hand of Bilal. Bilal had stretched his cloth in which women were throwing alms. [SM: 1466]
* Umm 'Atiyah, may God be pleased with her, said:
He (the Messenger of God) commanded us that we should take out unmarried women and purdah-observing ladies for 'Id Prayers, and he commanded the menstruating women to remain away from the place of worship of the Muslims.
[SM: 1473]
* Zaynab, may God be pleased with her, reported: The Messenger of God (PBUH) said: O women, give Charity even though it be some of your jewelry. I returned to Abdullah and said: You are a person with empty hands, whereas the Messenger of God (PBUH) has commanded us to give Charity, so better go to him and ask and if this will suffice for me; otherwise I will give it to someone else. Abdullah said to me (his wife): You better go yourself. So I went and there was another woman of the Ansar at the door of the Messenger of God (PBUH) having the same purpose as I had. Now God's Messenger (PBUH) was invested with awe (so we did not like to knock). Then Bilal came out and we said to him: Go to the Messenger of God (PBUH) and inform him that there are two women at the door asking him whether it will serve them to give Charity to their spouses and to orphans who are under their charge, but do not inform him who we are. Bilal went to the Messenger of God (PBUH) and asked him (what these women had instructed him to ask). The Messenger of God (PBUH) asked him who these women were. He (Bilal) said: They are a woman from the Ansar and Zaynab. Upon this the Messenger of God (PBUH) asked: Which of the Zaynabs? He said: The wife of Abdullah. The Messenger of God (PBUH) said: There are two rewards for them, the reward of kinship and the reward of charity. [SM: 1667]
* Abu Musa, RAA, reported: God's Messenger (PBUH) said: there would come a time for the people when a person would roam about with charity of gold, but he would find no one to accept it from him. A man would be seen followed by forty women seeking refuge with him on account of the scarcity of males and abundance of females. [SM: 1680]
* Abu Hurayrah, RAA, reported: God's Messenger (PBUH) used to say: O Muslim women, none of you should consider even a sheep's trotter too insignificant to give to her neighbor. [SM: 1711]
* Asma's Hadíth, may God be pleased with her:
Abdullah, the freed slave of Asma' reported: Asma' (God be pleased with her), as she was in the house at al-Muzdalifah, asked me whether the moon had set. I said: No. She prayed for some time, and again asked: My son, has the moon set? I said: Yes. She said: Set forth along with me, and so we set forth until (we reached Mina) and she threw the Pebble. She then prayed in her place. I said to her respected lady, we set forth, (in the very early of dawn) when it was dark, whereupon she said: My son, there is no harm in it; God's Messenger (PBUH) had granted permission to women. [SM: 2274]
* Anas, RAA, related: Some of the Companions of God's Messenger (PBUH) asked his (the Prophet's) wives about the acts that he performed in private. Someone among them (among his Companions) said: I will not marry women; someone among them said: I will not eat meat; and someone among them said: I will not lie down in bed. He (the Prophet) praised God and glorified Him, and asked: What has happened to these people that they say so and so, whereas I observe the Prayer and sleep too; I observe fast and suspend observing them; I marry women also? And he who turns away from my Sunnah, he has no relation with me. [SM: 2487]
* Abdullah (Ibn Mas`ud), RAA, reported:
We were on an expedition with God's Messenger (PBUH) and we had no women with us. We asked: Should we not have ourselves castrated? He (the Prophet) forbade us to do so. He then granted us permission that we should contract temporary marriage for a stipulated period giving her a garment, and Abdullah then recited this verse: “O you who believe do not make unlawful the good things which God has made lawful for you, and do not transgress. God does not like transgressors” [SM: 2493]
* Abu Hurayrah, RAA, reported: God's Messenger (PBUH) said: The Last Hour would not come until the women of the tribe of Daus would be seen going round Dhu al-Khalasah, an idol that the tribe of Daus used to worship during the pre-Islamic era in the district of Tabalah.
[SM: 5173]
* Aishah's Hadíth, may God be pleased with her: 'Urwah Ibn al-Zubair reported that he asked Aishah about the words of God: “If you fear that you will not be able to maintain equity among the orphan girls, then marry (those) you like from among the women two, three or four” She said: O son of my sister, the orphan girl is one who is under the patronage of her guardian and she shares with him in his property and her property and beauty fascinate him and her guardian makes up his mind to marry her without giving her due share of the wedding money and is not prepared (to pay so much amount) which anyone else is prepared to pay and so God has forbidden to marry these girls but in case when equity is observed as regards the wedding money and they are prepared to pay them the full amount of the wedding money and God commanded to marry other women besides them according to the liking of their heart. 'Urwah reported that 'Aishah said that people began to seek verdict from God's Messenger (PBUH) after the revelation of this verse about them (orphan girls) and God, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed this verse: “They asked you verdict about women; say: God gives verdict to you in regard to them and what is recited to you in the Book about orphan woman, whom you give not what is ordained for them while you like to marry them” She said: The wording of God “What is recited to you in the Book” means the first verse, i.e. “And if you fear that you will not be able to maintain equity amongst the orphan girls, then marry (those) you like from amongst the women” 'Aishah said: (And as for this verse), i.e. “And you intend to marry one of them” It pertains to one who is in charge (of orphans) having small amount of wealth and less beauty and they have been forbidden that they should marry what they like of her wealth and beauty out of the orphan girls, but with equity because of their disliking for them. [SM: 5335]

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