Women in the Qur’an
[2:14] Fair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covet: women and sons; heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this world's life; but in nearness to God is the best of the goals (to return to).
[2:49] remember, We delivered you from the people of Pharaoh; they set you hard tasks and punishments, slaughtered your sons and let your womenfolk live; therein was a tremendous trial from your Lord.
[2:187] Permitted to you, on the night of the fasts, sexual intercourse with your wives. They are your garments and you are their garments. God knows what you used to do secretly among yourselves; but He turned to you and forgave you; so now associate with them, and seek what God has ordained for you, and eat and drink until the white thread appears to you distinct from the black thread; then complete your fast until the night appears; but do not associate with your wives while you are in retreat in the mosques. Those are limits (set by) God: approach not nigh thereto. Thus God makes clear His Signs to men: that they may learn self-restraint.
[2:223] Your wives are as a cover unto you; so approach your wives when or how you will; but do some good act for your souls beforehand; and fear God, and know that you are to meet Him (in the Hereafter), and give (these) good tidings to those who believe.
[2:226] For those who take an oath for abstention from their wives, a waiting for four months is ordained; if then they return, God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,
[2:227] but if their intention is firm for divorce, God hears and knows all things.
[2:228] Divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for three monthly periods. Also, it is not lawful for them to hide what God has created in their wombs, if they have faith in God and the Last Day. Their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. Women shall have rights similar to the rights against them, according to what is equitable; but men have a degree (of advantage) over them. God is Exalted in Power, He is Wise.
[2:231] When you divorce women, and they fulfill the term of their (iddah), either take them back on equitable terms or set them free on equitable terms; but do not take them back to injure them, (or) to take undue advantage; if anyone does that, he wrongs his own soul. Do not treat God's Signs as a jest, but solemnly rehearse God's favors on you, and the fact that He sent down to you the Book and Wisdom, for your instruction; and fear God, and know that God is well-acquainted with all things.
[2:232] when you divorce women, and they fulfill the term of their (iddah), do not prevent them from marrying their (former) husbands, if they mutually agree on equitable terms. This instruction is for all amongst you who believe in God and the Last Day. That is (the course making for) most virtue and purity amongst you, and God knows, and you know not.
[2:233] it is herein sanctioned that the mothers shall breastfeed their offspring for two full years; if the father desires to complete the term; but he shall bear the cost of their food and clothing on equitable terms. No soul shall have a burden laid on it greater than it can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child; nor the father on account of his child, and heir shall be chargeable in the same way, if they both decide on weaning, by mutual consent, and after due consultation, there is no blame on them. If you decide on a foster-mother for your offspring there is no blame on you, provided you pay (the mother) what you offered, on equitable terms. But fear God and know that God sees well what you do.
[2:235] there is no blame on you if you make an offer of betrothal or hold it in your hearts. God knows that you cherish them in your hearts; but do not make a secret contract with them except that you speak to them in terms honorable, do not resolve on the tie of marriage until the term prescribed is fulfilled; know that God knows what is in your hearts, and take heed of Him; and know that God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.
[2:236] There is no blame on you if you divorce women before consummation or the fixation of their dower; but bestow on them (a suitable gift), the wealthy according to his means, and the poor according to his means; a gift of a reasonable amount is due from those who wish to do the right thing.
[2:237] if you divorce them before consummation, but after the fixation of a dower for them, then the half of the dower (is due to them), unless they remit it or (the man's half) is remitted by him in whose hands is the marriage tie; and the remission (of the man's half) is the nearest to righteousness and do not forget liberality between yourselves. For God sees well all that you do.
[3:42] Behold! The angels said: "O Mary! God has chosen you and purified you, chosen you above the women of all nations.
[4:3] If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, marry free non-orphan women of your choice, twos, or threes, or fours; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive) that your right hands possess. That will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.
[4:4] give the women (on marriage) their dower as a free gift; but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it and enjoy it with right good cheer.
[4:5] To those weak of understanding make not over your property, which God has made a means of support for you, but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak to them words of kindness and justice.
[4:7] From what is left by parents and those nearest related there is a share for men and a share for women, whether the property be small or large, a determinate share.
[4:11] God (thus) directs you as regards your children's (inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters, two or more, their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is a half. For parents, a sixth share of the inheritance to each, if the deceased left children; if no children, and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased left brothers (or sisters) the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies and debts. You know not whether your parents or your children are nearest to you in benefit. These are settled portions ordained by God; and God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
[4:15] If any of your women are guilty of lewdness (same sex acts as per some commentaries), take the evidence of four (reliable) witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them to houses until death do claim them, or God ordain for them some (other) way.
[4:19] O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will. You should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the dower you have given them, except where they have been guilty of open lewdness (fahishah); on the contrary, live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If you take a dislike to them it may be that you dislike a thing, and God brings about through it a great deal of good.
[4:20] if you decide to take one wife in place of another, even if you had given the latter a whole treasure for dower, take not the least bit of it back; would you take it by slander and a manifest wrong?
[4:23] Prohibited to you (for marriage) are: your mothers, daughters, sisters; father's sisters, mother's sisters; brother's daughters, sister's daughters; foster-mothers (who gave you suck), foster-sisters; your wives' mothers; your step-daughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom you have gone, no prohibition if you have not gone in; (those who have been) wives of your sons proceeding from your loins; and two sisters in wedlock at one and the same time, except for what is past; for God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
[4:24] Also (prohibited are) women already married, except those whom your right hands possess: thus has God ordained (prohibitions) against you: except for these, all others are lawful; provided you seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your property, desiring chastity, not lust. Seeing that you derive benefit from them, give them their dowers (at least) as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, you agree mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and God is All-Knowing All-Wise.
[4:25] If any of you have not the means wherewith to wed free believing women, they may wed believing girls from among those whom your right hands possess: and God has full knowledge about your faith. You are one from another: wed them with the leave of their owners, and give them their dowers, according to what is reasonable: they should be chaste, not lustful, nor taking paramours: when they are taken in wedlock, if they fall into shame, their punishment is half that for free women. This (permission) is for those among you who fear sin; but is better for you that you practice self-restraint; God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
[4:32] in no wise covet those things in which God has bestowed His gifts more freely on some of you than on others: to men is allotted what they earn, and to women what they earn: but ask God of His bounty. For God has full knowledge of all things.
[4:33] For the (benefit) of every one, We have appointed sharers and heirs to property left by parents and relatives. To those, also, to whom your right hand was pledged, give their due portion. For truly God is witness to all things.
[4:34] Men are maintainers (qawwamun) of women, with what God has favored some of them over others, and because of what they have spent on them from their own wealth. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient, and guard in (the husband's) absence what God would have them guard. As to those women on whose part you fear mischief (nushuz), admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share beds with them, (and last) beat them (lightly); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance): for God is Most High, Great (above you all).
[4:127] They ask your instruction concerning the Women. Say: God will instruct you about them; and (remember) what has been rehearsed unto you in the Book, concerning the orphans of women to whom you give not the portions prescribed, and yet whom you desire to marry, as also concerning the children who are weak and oppressed; that you stand firm for justice to orphans. There is not a good deed which you do, but God is well-acquainted therewith.
[4:128] If a wife fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part, there is no blame on them if they arrange an amicable settlement between themselves; and such settlement is best; even though men's souls are swayed by greed. But if you do good and practice self-restraint, God is well-acquainted with all that you do.
[4:129] You are never able to be fair and just as between women, even if it is your ardent desire: but turn not away (from a woman) altogether, so as to leave her (as it were) hanging (in the air). If you come to a friendly understanding, and practice self-restraint, God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
[4:176] They ask you for a legal decision; say: God directs (thus) about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs: if it is a man who dies, leaving a sister but no child, she shall have half the inheritance, if (the deceased was) a woman, who left no child, her brother takes her inheritance; if there are two sisters, they shall have two-thirds of the inheritance (between them); if there are brothers and sisters, (they share), wherein the male having twice the share of the female. Thus God make clarifies to you (His law), lest you err. God has knowledge of all things.
[24:31] Say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers or their brothers' sons, or their sisters' sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the desire for sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. O you Believers! Turn you all together towards God, that you may attain Bliss.
[24:60] Such elderly women as are past the prospect of marriage, there is no blame on them if they lay aside their (outer) garments, provided they make not a wanton display of their beauty; but it is best for them to be modest: and God is One Who sees and knows all things.
[33:30] O Consorts of the Prophet! If any of you were guilty of evident unseemly conduct, the punishment would be doubled to her, and that is easy for God.
[33:32] O Consorts of the Prophet! You are not like any of the (other) women: if you do fear (God), be not too complaisant of speech, lest one in whose heart is a disease should be moved with desire; but speak you a speech (that is) just.
[33:33] Stay quietly in your houses, and make not a dazzling display, like that of the former Times of Ignorance; and establish regular prayer, and give regular charity; and obey God and His Messenger. God only wishes to remove all abomination from you, you Members of the Family, and to make you pure and spotless.
[33:59] O Prophet! Tell your wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad); that is most convenient, that they should be known (as such) and not molested. God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
[49:11] O you who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others; it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former); nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames; ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed; and those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong.
[49:12] O you who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible); for suspicion in some cases is a sin; and spy not on each other, nor speak ill of each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, you would abhor it. So fear God; for God is Oft-Returning, Most-Merciful.
[58:2] If any men among you divorce their wives by zihar (by uttering: you are to me like my mother), they cannot be their mothers; none can be their mothers except those who gave them birth. In fact they use words (both) iniquitous and false; but truly God is One that blots out (sins), and forgives (again and again).
[58:3] But those who divorce their wives by zihar, then wish to go back on the words they uttered, (it is ordained that such a one) should free a slave before they touch each other; to this, you are admonished to perform, and God is well-acquainted with (all) that you do.
[58:4] if any has not (the wherewithal), he should fast for two months consecutively before they touch each other. But if any is unable to do so, he should feed sixty indigent ones. This, that you may show your faith in God and His Messenger, those are limits (set by) God. For those who reject (Him), there is a grievous penalty.
[65:1] O Prophet! When you do divorce women, divorce them at their prescribed periods, and count (accurately) their prescribed periods: and fear God your Lord; and turn them not out of their houses, nor shall they (themselves) leave, except in case they are guilty of some open lewdness, those are limits set by God; and any who transgresses the limits of God, does verily wrong his (own) soul; you know not if perchance God will bring about thereafter some new situation.
[65:4] Such of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the prescribed period, if you have any doubts, is three months, and for those who have no courses (it is the same); for those who carry (life within their wombs), their period is until they deliver their babies; and for those who fear God, He will make their path easy.