Penalties in Hadíth



* Narrated Aishah: Whenever the Prophet was given an option between two things, he used to select the easier of the tow as long as it was not sinful; but if it was sinful, he would remain far from it. By God, he never took revenge for himself concerning any matter that was presented to him, but when God's Limits were transgressed, he would take revenge for God's Sake. [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 777]

* On the authority of Aishah: Usama approached the Prophet on behalf of a woman (who had committed theft). The Prophet said, “The people before you were destroyed because they used to inflict the legal punishments on the poor and forgive the rich. By Him in Whose Hand my soul is! If Fatima (the daughter of the Prophet) did that (i.e. stole), I would cut off her hand." [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 778]

* On the authority of Aishah: The Prophet said, "The hand should be cut off for stealing something that is worth a quarter of a dinar or more." [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 780]

* On the authority of Aishah: The hand of a thief was not cut off during the lifetime of the Prophet except for stealing something equal to a shield in value. [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 783]

* On the authority of Abu Hurayrah: God's Messenger said, "When an adulterer commits illegal sexual intercourse, then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it; and when somebody drinks an alcoholic drink, then he is not believer at the time of drinking, and when a thief steals, he is not a believer at the time when he is stealing; and when a robber robs and the people look at him, then he is not a believer at the time of doing it." Abu Hurayrah in another report narrated the same from the Prophet with the exclusion of robbery. [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 763]

* On the authority of Anas Ibn Malik: The Prophet beat a drunk with palm-leaf stalks and shoes. Abu Bakr gave (such a sinner) forty lashes. [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 764]

* On the authority of `Uqba Ibn al-Harith: al-Nu`man or the son of al-Nu`man was brought to the Prophet on a charge of drunkenness. So the Prophet ordered all the men present in the house, to beat him. So all of them beat him, and I was also one of them who beat him with shoes. [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 765]

* On the authority of Abu Salamah: Abu Hurayrah said, "A man who drank wine was brought to the Prophet. The Prophet said, 'Beat him!" Abu Hurayrah added, "So some of us beat him with our hands, and some with their shoes, and some with their garments (by twisting it) like a lash, and then when we finished, someone said to him, “May God disgrace you!” On that the Prophet said, 'Do not say so, for you are helping Satan to overpower him. [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 768]

* On the authority of `Ali Ibn Abi Talib: I would not feel sorry for one who dies because of receiving a legal punishment, except the drunk, for if he should die (when being punished), I would give blood money to his family because no fixed punishment has been ordered by God's Messenger for the drunk. [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 769]

* On the authority of `Umar Ibn al-Khattab: During the lifetime of the Prophet there was a man called Abdullah whose nickname was donkey, and he used to make God's Messenger laugh. The Prophet lashed him because of drinking (alcohol). One-day he was brought to the Prophet on the same charge and was lashed. On that, a man among the people said, "O God, curse him. How frequently he has been brought (to the Prophet on such a charge)!" The Prophet said, "Do not curse him, for by God, I know for he loves God and His Messenger.” [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 771]

* On the authority of Ibn Abbas: The Prophet said, "When (a person) an adulterer commits illegal sexual intercourse then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it; and when somebody steals, then he is not a believer at the time he is stealing." [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 773]

* On the authority of Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet said, "God curses a man who steals an egg and gets his hand cut off, or steals a rope and gets his hands cut off." al-A'mash said, "People used to interpret the Baida as an iron helmet, and they used to think that the rope may cost a few dirhams." [Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 81, Number 774]

* Anas Ibn Malik, RAA, reported: A Jew killed a girl with a stone for her silver ornaments. She was brought to God's Messenger (PBUH) when there was yet some life in her. He (the Prophet) said to her: Has so and so killed you? She indicated with the nod of her head: No. He said for the second time, and she again said: No with the nod of her head. He asked for the third time, and she said: Yes with the nod of her head; and God's Messenger (PBUH) commanded to crush his head between two stones. [SM 3165]
* `Umar Ibn al-Khattab, RAA, said: Verily God sent Muhammad (PBUH) with truth and He sent down the Book upon him, and the verse of stoning was included in what was sent down to him. We recited it, retained it in our memory and understood it. God's Messenger (my peace be upon him) awarded the penalty of stoning to death (to the married adulterer and adulteress) and, after him, we also awarded the penalty of stoning. I am afraid that, with the lapse of time, the people (may forget it) and may say: We do not find the penalty of stoning in the Book of God, and thus go astray by abandoning this duty prescribed by God. Stoning is a duty laid down in God's Book for married men and women who commit adultery when proof is established, or if there is pregnancy, or a confession. [SM 3201]
* Abu Hurayrah, RAA, reported: A person from among the Muslims came to God's Messenger (PBUH) while he was in the mosque. He called him saying: God's Messenger, I have committed adultery. He (the Prophet) turned away from him, He (again) came round facing him and said to him: God's Messenger, I have committed adultery. He (the Prophet) turned away until he did that four times, and as he testified four times against his own self, God's Messenger (PBUH) called him and said: Are you mad? He said: No. He (again) said: Are you married? He said: Yes. Thereupon God's Messenger (PBUH) said: Take him and stone him. [SM: 3202]
* Ibn Abbas, may God be pleased with them, reported: God's Messenger (PBUH) said to Mu'iz Ibn Malik: Is it true what has reached me about you? He said: What has reached you about me? He said: It has reached me that you have committed (adultery) with the female-slave of so and so? He said: Yes. He (the narrator) said: He testified four times. He (the Prophet) then made pronouncement about him and he was stoned (to death). [SM: 3205]
* Abu Hurayrah and Zayd Ibn Khalid al-Juhani, may God be pleased with them, reported: One of the desert dwellers came to God's Messenger (PBUH) and said: Messenger of God, I beg you in the name of God that you pronounce judgment about me according to the Book of God. The second claimant who was wiser than him said: well, decide among us according to the Book of God, but permit me (to say something). Thereupon God's Messenger (PBUH) said: Say. He said: My son was a servant in the house of this person and he committed adultery with his wife. I was informed that my son deserved stoning to death (as punishment for this offense). I gave one hundred goats and a female-slave as ransom for this. I asked the scholars (if this could serve as expiation for this offense). They informed me that my son deserved one hundred lashes and exile for one year, and this woman deserved stoning (as she was married). Thereupon God's Messenger (PBUH) said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, I will decide between you according to the Book of God: the female-slave and the goats should be given back, and your son is to be punished with one hundred lashes and exile for one year. O Unays, go to this woman in the morning; and if she makes a confession, then stone her. He (the narrator) said: He went to her in the morning and she made a confession. God's Messenger (PBUH) made pronouncement about her and she was stoned to death. [SM: 3210]

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